Losing your hair is particularly annoying. Fortunately, in many cases there is something to be done about it. Like: make sure you experience less stress in your life.
If you’ve just vacuumed your house, it’s full of stray hair again in no time. Either you wash or brush your hair and (a lot) more hair comes loose than you’re used to. You wake up and your pillow is full of hair. So annoying. How is hair loss caused? And are there ways to stop it?
According to hormone expert Ralph Moorman, hair loss occurs if we lose more than 100 hairs in a day. This sounds a lot, but it’s not so bad. “We have about 100,000 hairs on our heads on average. The amount of hair you have is hereditary. As we age, the number of hair follicles and therefore the number of hairs decreases.
It varies from person to person how long your hair can be. Every hair has a hair growth cycle. A hair consists of two parts: the follicle and the shaft. From the shaft grows the follicle, the root of the hair. As new hair in the follicle develops, the hair shaft pushes it out. This will cause your hair to grow.
Bald at once
Not all hair follicles grow at the same time. Anyway, otherwise we’d have lost all our hair at once. The hair growth cycle consists of three phases: growth phase, transition phase (growth grinds to a halt) and degradation phase.
During the first phase, new hair growth takes place. This takes between 2 and 7 years. The length of your hair is determined in this first phase. Eyebrows and other body hair have a shorter growth phase than your head hair.
After the growth phase you get a transition phase, which lasts two to three weeks. In it, a hair stops growing and detaches itself from the blood supply. Then he gets into the demolition phase. This is where the hair is loosened and it falls out. At this stage you will find hairs in the shower gutter or on your brush. After the last phase, the cycle repeats itself.
There are multiple causes of hair loss. A common cause in women is PCOS: the balance between oestron (sufficient), testosterone (more than adequate) and progesterone (insufficient) is disturbed. This is particularly common in overweight women, insulin resistance or underweight.
Hair loss also occurs in the event of a lot of stress. This is due to a large presence of stress hormones cortisol and adrenaline. “The proteins in the hairs are then affected. Lactic acid accumulates, which makes the hair weaker and falls out faster,” moorman explains.
In order for your hair to grow optimally, it is important that your thyroid gland works well. A delayed thyroid effect causes poor blood flow and poor supply of nutrients to the hair. In addition, it reduces growth rate.
In addition, hormonal changes have a major impact on how full your hair dos is. If you are pregnant, the percentage of hair seen in the growth phase is about 95 percent. After your pregnancy, due to rapid drop in estrogen, these hairs move to the breakdown phase faster than usual.
This increases hair loss three months after your pregnancy. This hair loss is not permanent. Once your estrogen is back on the record, your hair will return to its ‘normal’ cycle and grow and fall out normally.
‘Baldness in men is largely hereditary. Unfortunately, you can’t escape it’
Baldness in men
One of the factors that affects both men and women is hair loss is stress. In addition, baldness is largely hereditary in men. Hair loss in men often follows a fixed pattern and as a man you can hardly escape it.
Another cause for baldness in men is the calcification of blood vessels around the hair follicles. As a result, blood flow decreases and fewer nutrients can reach the follicle and less waste is disposed of. “There is also a large amount of the inflammatory substance PGD2 in the scalp of balding men, which has an inhibitory effect.”
For many men, getting bald is a blow to self-confidence. Fortunately, there are more and more possibilities to disguise or prevent this ‘problem’.
“For example, hair doctors with a ‘trichoscan’ of the scalp can assess hair density and make a prediction about the course of the kaling process. Based on this, a treatment can be chosen,” says Moorman. “A lotion for improving blood flow in the scalp, a hair transplant or injections of growth factors are treatments that are increasingly being done.
There are plenty of hair resources on the market. Moorman says you can’t expect miracles from most. Especially if you have a lot of aptitude to go bald. “Taking dietary supplements and minerals, for example, only works when you have shortages of these substances.”
“By supplementing this deficiency, your hair can indeed start to grow faster than before, but you already have enough of that particular vitamin and you will try to replenish it, then little will happen.”
Various spreads for stimulating blood flow to your scalp can also help. “These ensure that your nutrients can reach the hair follicles better or faster, resulting in better hair growth.
Tips from the hairdresser
According to hairdresser Nikki Visser, there is a ‘limp hair follicle’ in the event of a hair loss. There are special shampoos and kours that will make this hair follicle strengthen again. “Biotin, iron and vitamin are good to swallow against hair loss,” explains the hairdresser.
Also, there are some things that are bad for the hair, but they don’t necessarily cause her to fall out. “Some people confuse hair loss with broken hair,” says Nikki. “For example, they think that after wearing extensions you get hair loss. This is not the case: the hair is broken down faster, causing you to lose them. But this doesn’t mean they’re falling out.”
What can you do yourself?
Do not wear your hair (too) tightly in a tail. This can cause hair to break down and damage hair follicles
Don’t dye your hair when you don’t need to: hair dye contains chemicals that can pull into your scalp and harm your hair follicles.
Sleep with your hair loose! Sleeping in the night with a bun or tail creates tension with your hairline and roots.
Wash your hair with caffeine shampoo: caffeine makes your hair roots stronger and so your hair attaches longer to your scalp.
Use rubber bands without metal in them. Your hair can stick to the metal, causing them to break down. A good solution is a rubber rubber band, or a rubber band that is glued shut.